UN Climate Change Conference 2023: COP28 in Dubai at a glance
With the UN Climate Change Conference (COP28) set to open in the United Arab Emirates in late November, akzente answers the most important questions about the event.
What is the stocktake and why is it important?
It is an inventory of the progress the international community has made to date on climate action. The stocktake will be conducted for the first time at COP28 and thereafter every five years. To this end, a vast amount of information and data has been collected over the past two years from the Parties, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the United Nations, non-governmental organisations, researchers and many other organisations globally, then analysed and fed into a report currently in its draft stage. This report will undergo a further round of revision at COP28, where it will subsequently be adopted. What is already clear is that efforts will have to be stepped up significantly.
How are we doing with global warming?
According to the IPCC’s most recent report in early 2023, if the world keeps up its current pace of activity, then we are likely to be facing a global temperature increase of 2.8 degrees Celsius by the end of this century.
Why is the UN Climate Change Conference called COP?
The abbreviation COP stands for ‘Conference of the Parties’. Each COP is numbered, and we have now reached the 28th climate conference, or climate summit as it is also known. Consequently, the Dubai conference is designated COP28. The very first UN Climate Change Conference (COP1) was held in Berlin in 1995.
Who will be taking part in the Conference?
A total of 198 Parties will be attending the conference. In addition, there are what are referred to as ‘observers’ – predominantly international organisations and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). There are more than 3,000 observers. The climate conferences are organised by the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in cooperation with the host country. UNFCCC is based in Bonn and has been headed by Simon Stiell from Grenada since 2022. Dubai has already announced that COP28 is set to be the largest climate conference with the highest number of attendees to date.
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