Please activate JavaScript!
Please install Adobe Flash Player, click here for download


Close to home Most refugees and displaced persons have stayed close to home, finding a safe haven in their own country or flee- ing to a neighbouring state, mainly in the region around Syria, Afghanistan and Somalia. With thousands of Syrians heading for Europe, migration has become an ever-present and urgent issue in this part of the world. However, in the past the main burden of providing for refugees was borne by the developing countries, not the wealthy nations: at the end of 2014, almost 90 per cent of the world’s refugees were hosted by the poorer countries, and 25 per cent were living in least developed countries (LDCs) – a disproportionately heavy burden. Unevenly distributed 3.9 million Migration by the minute In Syria, one family every minute is forced to flee their home. 2.6 million 1.1 million Syria Afghanistan Somalia EU countries with most asylum applications Number of applications, 2014 The five largest host countries Total number of refugees at the end of 2014 The main countries of origin Most of the refugees registered by UNHCR in 2014 came from Syria, Afghanistan and Somalia. The fierce conflicts raging in all three countries mean that many people live in constant fear for their lives. More than half are children In 2014, more than half the world’s refugees were under 18. The rest were mainly adults aged 59 or less. The over-60s accounted for a very small percentage. 3% > 60 YEARS 46% 18-59 YEARS 51% < 18 YEARS 2. SWEDEN 81,325 5. HUNGARY 42,775 1. GERMANY 202,815 4. FRANCE 64,310 3. ITALY 64,625 4. IRAN 0.9 million 2. PAKISTAN 1.5 million 1. TURKEY 1.6 million 3. LEBANON 1.2 million 5. ETHIOPIA 0.6 million