years remain before all insects may have become extinct. This is a scenario painted by the authors of the largest study on insects to date if insects continue to disappear at the current rate. The main causes identified by the authors are the loss of the insects’ original habitat, intensive agriculture and harmful fertilisers and pesticides.
million babies were born in regions affected by conflict in 2018. Each of these children has already suffered stress in the first few months of its life due to chaotic and unsafe conditions. If children are faced with this stress repeatedly or over a longer period of time, it can have a severe impact on their mental and physical health. It also affects their ability to learn and their behaviour.
trillion US dollars have been invested in developing renewable energy over the past ten years. Capacity has quadrupled in this period: whereas only around 410 gigawatts of green energy were produced in 2010, this figure had risen to 1,650 gigawatts in 2019. This has saved around two billion tonnes of CO2 emissions worldwide.
million instances of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) affect people around the world every year. The STIs in question are syphilis, chlamydia, trichomoniasis and gonorrhoea. The exact total has never been measured. Such infections can have far-reaching consequences: in 2016, syphilis caused more than 200,000 stillbirths and newborn deaths.
billion US dollars’ worth of productivity is lost in low-income and middle-income countries every year because people are having to eat food that is unsafe, according to estimates by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Every year, 600 million people fall ill after eating food that has been contaminated, e.g. by chemical substances.
million people are migrant workers. That is nine per cent more than in 2013, when there were around 150 million. Around 60 per cent are concentrated in three world regions: northern, southern and western Europe, North America and Arab countries.
billion people, primarily in developing countries, depend on forests. They provide them with food, medicine and fuel. This habitat is also vital for the climate, as trees store carbon dioxide. Despite this, humans destroy 13 million hectares of forest every year.
million women in developing countries have little or no access to modern contraceptives. Meanwhile, unsafe abortions are a leading cause of maternal mortality.
million children and young people of school age are not receiving education. The figures for primary school children have not improved since 2008.