In the past two decades, the world has made major progress in many areas. The global transformation of energy systems has begun, and poverty and child mortality have decreased. Education levels have risen, as has life expectancy. But there is still a lot to do. The Sustainable Development Goals – a roadmap to 2030 – are intended to reinforce the positive trend achieved in recent years and thus make the world a safer place despite, or because of, the numerous crises.
Clean energy powers ahead
The more than threefold increase in renewable energy use in just a decade has exceeded expectations. This sector now accounts for more than 50 per cent of all new energy capacity installations.
Investment in renewables has soared: the global energy transition is well under way.
Political freedoms exist in only around half the world’s countries. In 2015, 89 out of 195 countries were classed as free, and the rest as partly free or not free.
More civil wars
The number of civil wars almost tripled between 2007 and 2014.
The Fragile State Index 2016 ranks eight countries in the ‘Very High Alert’ category in terms of their stability.
A further eight countries are in the ‘High Alert’ category: Afghanistan, Haiti, Iraq, Guinea, Nigeria, Pakistan, Burundi and Zimbabwe.
Worldwide, more than 90 per cent of children are now enrolled in school – up from just 83 per cent in 2000.
Lower child mortality
In 1990, 90 children per 1,000 live births died before the age of five. The global figure was 12.7 million. Today, that figure has halved.
More clean water
The number of people with access to safe
water has almost doubled in just 25 years.
The share of the world’s people living in extreme poverty has fallen dramatically
Sources: International Energy Agency, World Bank, REN21, Freedom House, Fund for Peace, United Nations University, United Nations
published in akzente 1/17